Paris: African Civilizations: Colonialism, Migration, Diaspora

African Civ in Paris group during trip to African Market at Chateau Rouge (Autumn 2016)
Final App Deadline: 
Monday, January 22, 2018
Language Requirement: 
None
Coordinator: 
Dana Currier
Quarter(s): 
Autumn

Please note: Offered in alternating years; next program will be Autumn 2018.

The College’s Autumn African Civilizations in Paris program is built upon a full three-course African Civilizations sequence, taught in English. Program participants also take a French language course, which runs at a normal pace through the quarter and is designed to help students connect with French (and Parisian) culture. In its particular focus on the African-French interactions, the African Civ in Paris sequence is entirely different in content than the sequence that is regularly taught in Chicago.

Why study Africa in Paris? France shares a long and deep history of engagement with the African continent; relations with Africa have played a formative role in the making of modern France. Unlike the United States, whose most robust and sustained contact with Africa prior to the twentieth century took place through the slave trade, France’s contact with the continent took many different forms: Exploration and trade (including the slave trade), conquest (Napoleon in Egypt; Algeria in the 1830s), missionary movements, and, in the late nineteenth century, the colonial conquest and occupation of vast swaths of sub-Saharan Africa and the island of Madagascar. Although colonial policy was never monolithic, generally speaking France promoted an « assimilationist » notion of empire: This doctrine suggested that if one learned the French language and acquired French culture, one could become recognized as French, although this policy was contradicted in practice. Among the many colonial powers, France is known for its close, entangled relationship with its former colonies. In the past thirty years, the relationship has transformed as many Africans have migrated to, and settled in, France.

Studying African Civilization in Paris offers the opportunity to learn more about Africa and France and their interactions with one another. We will explore the histories, definitions, and connotations of “Frenchness,” as well as consider how the African continent and Africans have helped to create those meanings. However, this course will not simply treat Africa as a window onto France. We will also investigate how African peoples directed, shaped and contributed to the worlds in which they lived, and how they actively made and maintained relations with other peoples, such as the French. Those processes and interchanges, as we will learn, often produced unintended consequences, with which both the inhabitants of France and the many Africans who seek to migrate there today continuously grapple.

It is our goal that students emerge from the class with a better understanding of both Africa’s and France’s histories and cultures and the dynamic ways that these peoples and places have informed one another. Finally, we intend that students will have an opportunity to learn about Paris in a way that moves beyond its standard hallmarks—the museums and sites that are the mainstay of typical tourist guides—to explore the ways in which France’s African ties and African heritage also make the city.

Autumn 2016 Faculty and Courses

Emily Osborn: African CIV I

African Civilizations I investigates the entangled histories of France and Africa from the earliest era of contact. We will explore the circulation and exchange of people, ideas, and practices from and through Africa, Europe, and the Americas with a special focus on the trans-Atlantic slave trade and on the transfer of food crops and technologies. Studying Africa from Paris, we will also explore the global consequences of the French Revolution, especially as they affected ideas about slavery.  We will also consider Napoleon’s occupation of Egypt and its legacies in France, as well as the role that Senegalese women, or signares, played in building Eurafrican relations and managing coastal commerce in West Africa. The assigned readings will consist of primary sources, fiction, as well as scholarly texts. Field trips include a visit to the Louvre and to the city of Nantes.

Jennifer Cole: African CIV II

Part two of African Civ in Paris examines the circulation of bodies, ideas and objects between France and Africa, focusing on the colonial and post-colonial period. In the first week, we’ll consider the movement of people and things through two case studies, the first of French recruitment of soldiers in the First and Second World Wars and the second focusing on fashion and Congolese sapeurs.  In week two we will learn about Islam and its relationship to the French notion of laïcité, as well as the complex history of North African immigration to France. And finally, in the last week, we’ll examine the movement of bodies and ideas through case studies of family reunification and marriage migration on the one hand, and the role of Africans in French soccer on the other. The assigned readings will include novels as well as scholarly texts.  Fieldtrips include the Museum of Immigration and the African market at Chateau Rouge.  

Cécile Fromont: African CIV III

African Civ III investigates the role art played in shaping European discourses about Africa, Africans, and their visual and material cultures from the early modern period, to the present. Starting with the era of the so-called great discoveries and the concomitant rise of the private cabinet of curiosity and ending with the creation of the public museum in the late eighteenth century, we will discuss in the first part of the class how the collection and exhibition of exotic specimens illustrate the social, political, economic, and aesthetic ideologies that shaped European perceptions of Africa before the colonial period. In the second part of the class, we will investigate the changing status of African expressive cultures in Europe with the rise of nineteenth century imperial colonialism. Texts, class discussion, and field trips will explore how the collection, conservation, and display of objects from faraway lands contributed to the construction, promotion and implementation of the colonial project. Finally, turning to the Quai Branly Museum and to the recently reopened Musée de l'Homme, we will interrogate contemporary debates about the social and political significance of the collection and display of African objects in France.  

Center in Paris

Headquarters for the College’s study abroad programs in Paris is the University of Chicago Center in Paris, the University’s research and teaching arm in Europe. Situated in the thirteenth arrondissement, the Center in Paris is part of an ambitious intellectual project along the river Seine, including the Bibliothèque Nationale and a new home for Université Denis Diderot (University of Paris VII). The Center in Paris features classrooms, offices for faculty and graduate students, computer facilities, a small library and an apartment for the faculty director. For participants in Chicago’s programs, the Center in Paris provides a focus for academic activities, a central meeting place and a continuing Chicago “presence” within one of the major capitals of Europe.

Housing

Students in the African Civilizations in Paris program are housed in a residence hall within the Cité Internationale Universitaire (Cité). The Cité, a park-like residential complex in the fourteenth arrondissement, is the international student campus in Paris, though French students also live there. Students reside in single rooms with a private bath and have access to Cité facilities, including a library, theater, laundry and athletic facilities. Students will have access to common kitchens in the residence halls and can purchase inexpensive meals at the Cité’s restaurant universitaire.

Credits and Registration

Participants in the African Civilizations in Paris program remain registered as full-time students in the College. They take and receive credit for four courses: the three courses in the civilization sequence and the French language class. The civilization sequence meets the College’s civilization requirement. If a student has already met this requirement, he or she may use these courses as electives. Their use, partial or total, in a program of study (major) must be approved by the undergraduate chair of the respective department. The language course will normally count as an elective. Course titles, units of credit and grades are placed on the College transcript.

Finances

Study abroad students pay regular College tuition, a program fee and a non-refundable study abroad administrative fee. The tuition and program fee are paid in conformity with the home campus payment schedule, and the non-refundable study abroad administrative fee is submitted when accepting a place in a program. Precise figures for the African Civilizations in Paris program during the 2017-18 year are listed below:

Autumn tuition: as set by the Bursar’s Office

Study abroad administrative fee: $650

Paris African Civ program fee: $4,700
 

Program fee includes: Out-of-pocket expenses include:
accommodation round-trip airfare to and from the program site
instruction transportation on site
student support meals
program excursions course materials
cell phone (device only) personal entertainment and travel
  communications (including cell phone usage)
emergency travel insurance (ISOS) health insurance and upfront payments for care
  other miscellaneous expenses

Previous program participants report spending in the range of $200 to $250 per week on meals and incidentals while on the program, though frugal students may spend less, and others could spend much more. Bear in mind that the cost of living in Paris is relatively high and that, while it is possible to live frugally, it is also possible to run short of money if you are unwary. It is therefore essential that you budget your funds prudently, apportioning your resources so that they last for the duration of the program. If you are planning to travel before or after the program or on weekends, you should budget accordingly.

Study abroad students retain their financial aid eligibility. For more information about financial aid resources, please see our Tuition, Fees, and Funding section. 

Eligibility and Application

The African Civilizations in Paris program is open to University of Chicago undergraduate students only. Applications from outside the University are not accepted.

The program is designed for undergraduates in good standing who are beyond their first year in the College. While the program stipulates no minimum grade-point average, an applicant’s transcript should demonstrate that they are a serious student who will make the most of this opportunity. Because the civilization sequence is taught in English, there is no language prerequisite, although students are encouraged to take French on campus before the program begins.

Because of the considerable demand for the Chicago civilization programs abroad, no student may participate in more than one of these programs. Each application is examined on the basis of the student’s scholastic record, personal statement and academic recommendation. If you are interested in applying for this program please fill out the online application.

Further Information

To discuss the Paris: African Civilizations: Colonialism, Migration, Diaspora program and the possibility of participating in it, please contact Dana Currier.

Learn more about the
Center in Paris.

What you’ll see: 

African Civ in Paris group during trip to African Market at Chateau Rouge (Autumn 2016)